Valuation of imported second hand machinery. Inspection/ appraisement Reports by Chartered Engineers/equivalent based on the country of sale acceptable to Custom
F. No. 467/34/2006-Cus.V
Government of India
Ministry of Finance
Department of Revenue
Central Board of Indirect Taxes & Customs
North Block, New Delhi
Dated the 05th February , 2020
All Principal Chief Commissioners/Chief Commissioners of Customs,
Principal Directors General/Directors General of Customs,
Principal Commissioners/Commissioner of Customs.
Subject: Valuation of second hand machinery -regarding
Representations have been received from the trade regarding Circular No . 25/2015 – Customs dated 15th October, 2015 on valuation of second hand machinery. For this purpose, the circular requires customs to rely upon inspection report either issued at the port of loading by overseas Chartered Engineer or issued upon import by a pre-shipment inspection agency (PSIA) notified by DGFT, or by a chartered engineer empanelled by the Custom House where the DGFT approved PSIAs are not available.
2. It has been represented that the PSIAs empanelled by DGFT are insufficient in number leading to delay in It has also been informed that PSIAs empanelled by DGFT are not qualified for appraising second hand machinery.
3. In this regard, DGFT vide M. No. 01/93/ 180/51/AM-16/PC II(B)/E-15001176 dated 3rd September 2019, has clarified that PSIAs are meant only for certifying that consignments of metal scrap are free of radio-active agents and explosives. The PSIAs are not required to be qualified as engineers. Also, ascertaining the age of a second hand machine is an engineering exercise and can be performed only by a qualified engineer. Thus, certifying the age of machines is beyond the jurisdiction of PSIAs.
4. After due consideration of clarification from DGFT and representations made by trade, Board has decided that henceforth for inspection/appraisement of second hand machinery , the following procedure shall be followed :
4.1 Where used second hand machinery is sold for export to India and the sale meets all of the requirements set out in Customs Valuation (Determination of Value of Imported Goods) Rules 2007, the price paid or payable for the goods is to be used as the basis for determining the assessable value.
4.2 However, it is frequently the case that as part of an arrangement, separate from the contract of sale, the second hand machineries are reconditioned , refurbished, modernized , or otherwise improved prior to their importation into In such situations, there is a change in the condition of the goods brought about prior to their importation. Similarly, other costs such pre-shipment inspection, dismantling and crating charges may be incurred by the buyer after the sale of the goods. Costs of all such elements need to be determined for the purpose of arriving at the value under section 14 of the Customs Act. Thus, there may be instances where the requirements of Rule 3 of the Valuation Rules are not met, in which case, the value for imposition of duty must be determined under one of the subsequent methods of valuation applied in sequential order.
4.3 In view of the nature of goods, there may be certain difficulties in applying Rule 4 or 5 of the CVR, These difficulties arise from the fact that the goods being valued are used second hand machinery , and it may be difficult to find data relating to sales of such goods to India, which could be considered identical or similar and meet all the requirements of Rule 4 and 5 of the CVR, 2007.
4.4 Similarly, application of Rule 7 of CVR, 2007 where under goods being appraised are valued on the basis of subsequent sales of identical or similar goods in India, may also not be possible because the goods being appraised are imported for use rather than for resale. The difficulty of finding such sales of goods which could be considered identical or similar to the goods being appraised , may preclude the application of this method.
4.5 Under Rule 8 of the CVR, 2007, goods are valued using the computed value method which is based, among other things on the cost of production of the goods being appraised plus an amount for profit and general expe However, since used capital goods are not manufactured as such, viz, as old and used machinery, it is not possible to calculate assessable value based upon the cost of production.
4.6 It follows that in cases where used capital goods cannot be appraised under Rule 3, and where there may be difficulty in applying Rules 4 to 8 of the CVR, 2007, the proper officer may be required to apply the residual method under Rule 9 so as to factor abcaus.in condition, depreciation, refurbishmen t, charges of disassembly & packing and any expenses incurred by way of pre-shipment inspection agency charges etc.
4.7 Given the nature of challenges in computing the value of second hand machinery under Rule 9, and the need to ensure that the approach applied reflects commercial reality and results in a value which is fair, and is arrived through uniform processes by all Custom Houses, it is felt that it is necessary to obtain inspection/appraisement reports from qualified neutral parties.
4.8 For this purpose, the Board has decided that Inspection/Appraisement Reports issued by Chartered Engineers, or their equivalent, based in the country of sale of the second hand machinery shall be accepted by all Custom For the purposes of uniformity, the format in which inspection /appraisement reports shall be prepared by the Chartered Engineer is annexed to this circular. In the event that an importer does not produce an inspection/appraisement report in the prescribed format from the country of sale, he shall be free to engage the services of any Chartered Engineer from those empanelled by the Custom House of the port of import.
4.9 No Custom House shall require any importer to have an inspection/appraisement report of second hand machinery from a particular Chartered Engineer. The importer shall be free to select any chartered engineer, empanelled by the Custom House for the respective class of goods, if so required.
5. All the Custom Houses are also hereby advised to empanel Chartered Engineers as per the requirements provided in this Circular immediately for the purpose of valuation of second hand The applicants must possess qualification for appraisement/inspection of second hand machinery and certified as such by the Institute of Chartered Engineers.
5.1 It is also clarified that upon the empanelment of Chartered Engineers by the Custom Houses, the practice of accepting certification from PSIAs for valuation of second hand machinery shall be Those Customs Houses who already have empanelled Chartered Engineers for the valuation of second hand machinery may continue with those empanelled engineers as per the terms of the empanelment unless requirements dictate otherwise.
5.2 It is also clarified that PSIAs who have the requisite qualifications for being empanelled as a Chartered Engineer for valuation of second hand machinery may make an application to the respective Customs House for consideration of employment.
6. To sum up, the following guidelines shall be followed:
(a) All imports of second hand machinery/used capital goods shall be ordinarily accompanied by an inspection/appraisement report issued by an overseas Chartered Engineer or equivalent, prepared upon examination of the goods at the place of sale.
(b) The report of the overseas chartered engineer or equivalent should be as per the Form A annexed to this circular.
(c) In the event of the importer failing to procure an overseas report of inspection/appraisement of the goods, he may have the goods inspected by any one of the Chartered Engineers empanelled locally by the respective Custom Houses.
(d) In cases where the report is to be prepared by the Chartered Engineers empanelled by Custom Houses, the same shall be in the Form B annexed to this circular.
(e) The value declared by the importer shall be examined with respect to the report of the Chartered Similarly, the declared value shall be examined with respect to the depreciated value of the goods determined in terms of the circular No. 493/124/86-Cus VI dated 19/11/1987 and dated 4/1/1988. If such comparison does not create any doubt regarding the declared value of the goods, the same may be appraised under rule 3 of the CVR, 2007. If there are significant differences arising from such comparison, Rule 12 of the CVR, 2007 requires that the proper officer shall seek an explanation from the importer justifying the declared value. The proper officer may then evaluate the evidence put forth by the importer and after giving due consideration to factors such as depreciation, refurbishment or reconditioning (if any), and condition of the goods, determine whether the declared transaction value conforms to Rule 3 of CVR, 2007. Otherwise, the proper officer may proceed to determine the value of the goods, sequentially , in terms of rule 4 to 9.
7. Circular 25/2015 dated 15th October, 2015 stands superseded with the issue of this circular.
8. Clarification, if any, may be sought from the Board.
9. Hindi version
Joint Commissioner (Customs)
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