Deemed consideration us 50C eligible for 54F exemption for capital gain purpose. Net consideration include Fair market value under deeming fiction

Deemed consideration us 50C eligible for 54F exemption for capital gain purpose. Net consideration include Fair market value under deeming fiction. This was held by ITAT hyderabad in a recent judgment as under:

Case Law Details:
ITA.No.848/Hyd/2015 Assessment Year 2010-2011
Income Tax Officer (Appellant) vs. Kondal Reddy Mandal Reddy (Respondent)
Date of Order/Judgment: 13/05/2016

Important Judgments Cited:
Raj Babbar vs. ITO (2013) 56 SOT 1 (ITAT) (Mum.)

Gouli Mahadevappa vs. ITO (2013) 356 ITR 90 (Kar.)

Brief Facts of the Case:
During the assessment proceedings under section 143(3) the AO observed that the assessee has sold his plot for a consideration of Rs.20 lakhs as is mentioned in the sale deed whereas the value adopted for stamp duty registration purpose was Rs. 89,60,000. Therefore, AO invoked the provisions of section 50C of the Income Tax Act, 1961 and taxed the difference as the capital gain. The assessee had claimed a deduction u/s 54F for construction of a residential house. The AO however, held that the sale consideration of Rs.20 lakhs mentioned in the sale deed alone was eligible and the deemed consideration u/s 50C was not eligible for exemption under section 54F. Aggrieved by the assessment, assessee preferred an appeal before the CIT(A) who allowed the same.

The Revenue contested the order of CIT(A) before ITAT which was the subject matter of the present case.

Important Excerpts from ITAT Judgment:

It is also not disputed that the sale consideration under section 50C is to be adopted as the sale consideration for computation of the capital gain. The dispute only is whether the actual sale consideration mentioned in the sale deed or the deemed sale consideration under section 50C is to be adopted for allowing the deduction under section 54F of the I.T. Act. We find that in the case of Raj Babbar vs. ITO (cited supra), the Tribunal at Mumbai has considered this issue at length and at para 11 to 13 held as under :

“11. From the provisions of section 54F (1), it is evident that the provisions of section (a) and (b) read with the explanation on ‘net consideration’ decides if any chargeable capital gains u/s 45 exists or not subject to the conditions specified therein. As per the provisions of section 54F(1)(a) of the Act, no capital gains are chargeable u/s 45 of the Act, “If the cost of the cost of the new asset is not less than the net consideration in respect of the original asset”. The principle of proportionate exemption vide clause (b) above is put into service. Now, the question is what is the meaning of the expression ‘net consideration’? The same is defined in the Explanation below the section 54F(1) and the same reads that “For the purpose of this section (54F), net consideration’, in relation to the transfer of a capital asset, means the full value of the consideration received or accruing as a result of the transfer of the capital asset as reduced by any expenditure incurred wholly and exclusively in connection with such transfer.” It is a settled issue that the provisions of section 54F of the Act are code by itself. Thus, the plain reading of the provisions of sections 45, 48, 50C and 54F of the Act suggest that there is nothing to bar benefits of exemption u/s 54F in respect of the capital gains relatable to the FVC as per the deemed fiction u/s 50C of the Act. Clause (a) of section 54F(I) specifies that If the cost of the new asset is not less than the net consideration in respect of the original asset, there is no chargeable capital gains u/s 45 of the Act. In the instant case, the cost of the new asset is Rs. 17,65,752/and ‘net consideration’ as defined is ‘ .. the full value of the consideration received or accruing as a result of the transfer of the capital asset as reduced by any expenditure incurred wholly and exclusively in connection with such transfer’ i.e. Rs. 16,87,000 as per sec 50C and Rs. 8 lakhs as per the sale deed. The said clause (a) refers to the provisions of section 45 of the Act. In the given facts of the instant case, no chargeable capital gains arises u/s 45 of the Act. Thus, in this case, with investment of Rs. 17,65,752/in new asset, the cost of the new asset is not less than the net consideration (NC) in respect of the original asset. Of course, the ‘net consideration’ has two variants depending on FVC adopted and in this case, the NCs are quantitatively lesser than the cost of the new asset leaving no chargeable capital gains u/s 45 of the Act. Therefore, in our opinion, the assessee is not chargeable to any capital gains considering the given facts of the case and also the said clause (a) of section 54F(1).

12. We shall now take up the orders of the Tribunal cited by the parties. First, we shall take up the decision in the case of Gouli Mahadevappa (supra) dt 16.07.2010. Facts are that the assessee sold plot for Rs. 20 lakhs. The consideration as per the SRO is Rs. 36 lakhs. Assessee purchased new asset for Rs. 24 lakhs and invested entire sale proceeds. AO calculated capital gains at Rs.14,06,494 and allowed exemption to the extent of FVC of Rs. 20 lakhs and not on FVC of Rs. 36 lakhs. On these facts, the Tribunal held that the deeming fiction on FVC given in section SOC cannot be extended to section 54F (para 8.19) as the same is an exemption provisions and is a complete code in itself and it does not override others CIT v. ACE Builders (P.) Ltd. [2006] 281 ITR 210/[2005] 144 Taxman 855 (Bom.).

13. Thus, the cost of the new asset is Rs. 24 lakhs and ‘net consideration’ as defined is the full value of the consideration received or accruing as a result of the transfer of the capital asset as reduced by any expenditure incurred wholly and exclusively in connection with such transfer’ i.e. Rs. 36 lakhs as per sec 50C and Rs. 20 lakhs as per the sale deed. Therefore, it is case where the cost of the new asset is not less than net consideration u/s. 50C and more than the net consideration as per the sale deed. Therefore, the decision of the Tribunal in this case is distinguishable on facts. Therefore, clause (a) of section 54F(1) of the Act does not apply.”

Further, the Hon’ble Karnataka High Court in the case of Gouli Mahadevappa vs. ITO (cited supra), at paras 6 to 8 has held that the ultimate object and purpose of section 50C of the I.T. Act is to see that the undisclosed income of capital gains received by the assessee should be taxed and that the law should not encourage and permit the assessee to peg down the market value at their whims and fancy to avoid tax, but when the capital gain is assessed on notional basis, whatever amount is invested in the new residential house within the prescribed period under section 54 of the I.T. Act, the entire amount invested, should get benefit of deduction irrespective of the fact that the funds from other sources are utilised for new residential house. The decision relied upon by the Ld. D.R. in the case of CIT, West Bengal and another vs. George Henderson & Co., Ltd., (cited supra) and CIT vs. Smt. Nilofer L Singh are distinguishable on facts. Since the facts in the case of the assessee herein are similar to the facts in the case of Raj Babbar (cited supra), respectfully following the decision of the Coordinate Bench, we do not see any reason to interfere with the order of the CIT(A).

Deemed consideration us 50C eligible for 54F exemption

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